With 2018 nearly coming to an end, companies in the UK will have seen a number of changes which will have directly affected them in some way. We also note, from experience, that not everyone is compliant with the new rules and are gambling the odds on who gets fined or investigated first, before companies start to react, which is a risk strategy! The following is a brief overview of five legal changes which companies and employers should know about from 2018.
Data Protection/ GDPR
This was one of the substantive changes that came about this year effecting all small and large businesses and charities. Brexit or not, the Government made it clear at the outset that GDPR will be adopted and it has. May 25th saw GDPR come into force along with the Data Protection Act 2018 which also received royal assent. The audit, training, deletion, consideration and legal strategies that have been deployed have almost crippled some small businesses; been ignored by others and distracted many who have tried to get this right.
Data protection has now catapulted itself onto the scene and is forcing companies of all sizes to rethink their processes and data handling procedures. Failure to be compliant or those who face breaches could be looking at hefty fines and in some cases prosecutions. You need robust policies, staff training, a contract audit and clear structures and processes in place.
An article published in the Independent, dated 28 August 2018, reported that data breach complaints had increased by 160% since the GDPR came into force. This staggering statistic does not come as a surprise, given the amount of media attention and government campaigns on the subject. It has raised awareness among individuals, giving them more power to control how their data is used and hold businesses to account for their actions.
Credit card surcharges
One area where there has been a consumer rights change is credit card surcharges and a new law banned any company from charging an additional fee for the consumer using a credit card. Previously, the law allowed companies to levy a surcharge that would reflect the extra costs they faced for processing card payments.
The impact of this had first seen some companies refuse to accept credit card payments however this also had an impact on their customers who wished to pay by card. Instead, companies used other means of covering the costs which also saw a slight increase in their prices for goods and services or large administration fees. The larger companies were more well equipped to absorb this loss however for the smaller companies, it proved to be a balancing exercise between interest of the business and customer expectations. It is also very difficult to address professional services, who often took their costs and third-party fees, which they now of course cannot do if they are left short due to credit card charges. Check your invoices and contracts to ensure you are compliant with these rules and remove all hidden fees.
National living wage
2018 saw the increase of the National Living Wage go up to £7.83, an increase of 4.4% on the previous year. This came as welcome news for adults over the age of 25 and it affected millions. The Lord Chancellor in his recent budget announcement declared that this will again look to be increased to £8.21. Although it has again come as welcome news to some 2.4 million people, smaller companies have to consider their own plans to meet this obligation. Most small firms will probably have to look to reducing their profits margins. Failure to do so will risk them being exposed to penalties for failing to meet their obligations. Contracts, recruitment and pay needs to be at the forth front of employers reviews this year.
Gender Pay Gap
April saw the law tackle the gender pay gap. All UK employers with at least 250 employees are required to publish information about the differences in pay between men and women in their workforce. The reports were to commence in April 2018 and already received a lot of press coverage when the disparities came out. As such large employers have had to reconsider their salaries and ensure gender balance is addressed otherwise there is a clear public name and shame available.
In the field of employment law, 2019 will see the law require companies to provide payslips for their employees for each time they are paid. There are some exceptions to this: non-employees, contractors, and freelancers are not required to receive a payslip among other categories of persons.
The payslip can come in any written form, event provided electronically however it must be provided on or before the employee’s payday.
As a minimum requirement, the payslip must show the earnings before and after deductions and the amounts for deductions (which may change from time to time).
It can be difficult to keep up with changes in the law but it’s important you do to avoid costly penalties further down the line. If you’re unsure about your business being compliant, seek advice from an appropriate source whether that’s HMRC, a lawyer or accountant.